Oxidative Stress and Nutritional Prevention in Autoimmune Rheumatic Diseases

Sukkar SG, Rossi E (2004): Oxidative stress and nutritional prevention in autoimmune rheumatic diseases. Autoimmunity Reviews. 3(2004):199–206.

The hypothesis that oxidative stress favours flogistic and immune processes inducing autoimmune rheumatic diseases (ARDs) and their complications is still under discussion. In this review we take into consideration both the aetiopathological role of the diet in such diseases and the possible efficacy of dietary supports as adjuvants for the usual specific therapies. Moreover, we shall examine the hypothetical pathophysiological role of oxidative stress on ARDs and their complications, the methods for its evaluation and the possibility of intervening on oxidative pathways by means of nutritional modulation. It is possible that in the future we will be able to control connective pathology by associating an immuno-modulating therapy (‘re-educating’) with naturalproducts having an anti-oxidant activity to current immunosuppressive treatment (which has potentially toxic effects).

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